Temple of Athena, Paestum, Salerno, Campania, Italy, Europe
The Temple of Athena or Temple of Ceres (c. 500 BC) is a Greek temple found at Paestum, built near the so-called Basilica which is much larger than it. It has a high pediment and a Doric frieze, made up of large blocks of limestone. The structure is simpler than the two temples of Hera nearby (the so-called Temple of Neptune and the Basilica): there is a pronaos and naos, but no adyton or opisthodomos (treasure room behind the naos). The inside of the wide pronaos contained six columns in the ionic style (four frontal and two on each side), of which the bases and two capitals remain. These capitals, like those of the Basilica, burst from an ornate collar. This seems to be the first example of two architectural orders co-existing in a single building. Traditionally, the temple was attributed to Ceres, but as a result of the recovery of numerous statuettes in terracotta depicting Athena, it is now thought to have been dedicated to this deity. If still in use by the 4th-and 5th century, it would have been closed during the persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire.
Paestum, Italy: Ancient Greek Temples
More info about travel to Italy: Paestum, just south of Italy's Amalfi Coast, was founded by Greeks in the sixth century B.C. Visitors to Paestum can see the remains of three impressive temples: the Temple of Ceres, the Temple of Hera, and the Temple of Neptune.
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Paestum Italy - the “Temple of Neptune” or Hera
Copied from text of a website we relied on during the planning of our trip:
There are three temples at Paestum. This is the largest and the best preserved. Built in about the mid-fifth century BC.
During the eighteenth century, it was thought this temple was dedicated to Poseidon-Neptune, the deity that gave the Greek city its name (Poseidonia).
However, the attribution to Neptune is still a matter of debate. The temple may have been dedicated to Hera, the main deity of the city.
Considering that a terracotta statue of Zeus was found in the vicinity, another hypothesis is that the temple was dedicated to the most important Greek deity, the husband of Hera and the father of Athena
Paestum, The Valley of the Temples
Paestum is the ruin of an ancient town in the south of Italy. Founded by the Greece under the name Poseidonia, 600 to 450 years BC, it was eventually conquered by the Lucanians and later the Romans, who renamed the city to its today’s name of Paestum.
Three large temples dominate the valley, the magnificent temple of Hera, the tinier temple of Athena and the biggest of them all, the Temple of Neptune.
Of roman origin, the Forum was the center of the Roman life. Still visible today are the amphitheater, the heroon chamber and the council chamber, connected together by the Via Sacra, the main street of the roman city.
The national museum hosts a fine collection of items and arts discovered in the vicinity of Paestum, including terracotta vases, statues of Hera and decorated stones.
13'' - Touching Moment, Wayne Jones
1'36'' - White River, Aakash Gandhi
4'26'' - Bright Idea, Geographer
Shot on DJI on the 20th of August, 2019
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Paestrum Temple of Athena 5 - youtube.com/tanvideo11
Powered by - Paestum is the classical Roman name of a major Graeco-Roman city in the Campania region of Italy. It is located in the north of Cilento, near the coast about 85 km SE of Naples in the province of Salerno, and belongs to the commune of Capaccio, officially also named Capaccio-Paestum.
Paestum is situated close to the Tyrrhenian coast on the road linking Agropoli to Battipaglia. Its population is mainly located in the quarters surrounding the ancient Graeco-Roman ruins, as Santa Venere (to the south, near the hamlet of Licinella), Andreoli (north) and Torre di Paestum (west, by the sea). The town also has a railway station on the Naples-Salerno-Reggio Calabria line.
Greek Temples in Italy Paestum 2018
Here in Italy believe it or not they actually do have Greek temples. Here at this site in Paestum, just south of Salerno or Naples there is Greek temples dedicated to Poseidon and Neptune also Zeus wife Hara.
Paestum Campania Italia
Paestum is an ancient Greco-Roman city in the Campania region of southern Italy. Near sandy beaches in a region known for its delicious mozzarella di bufula, Paestum includes three well-preserved Doric Greek temples, ruins of ancient houses and a museum of artifacts. As an extra bonus, the site is off the beaten tourist path and is often deserted...and surreal!
Paestum is home to three magnificent Doric temples, which are thought to be dedicated to the city's namesake Poseidon (known to the Romans as Neptune), Hera and Ceres. The temples of Neptune and Hera are located next to each other at the southern end of the site, while the smaller Temple of Ceres is at the northern end. You can walk up close to the temples, but they are roped off to prevent interior access.
Music written by Ugo Troccoli
Iktinos and Kallikrates (Phidias directed the sculptural program), Parthenon, Athens, 447 - 432 B.C.E.
Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker. Created by Steven Zucker and Beth Harris.
An Italian Adventure: Paestum and Velia
The sites of Paestum and Velia. And an Etruscan Tomb.
Nov. 2, 2013
All Video and Pictures are mine.
Disclaimer: I do not own any of the musical scores used in this video.
Pictures In Order of Appearance:
Picture 1: The foundation ruins of the Greek colony city of Paestum, Italy which later became a Roman city.
Picture 2: The Temple of Athena at Paestum, Italy. A Doric style Greek Temple.
Picture 3: Foundation ruins of the Forum at the site of Paestum, Italy. The Forum served as a market place and city center with political buildings.
Picture 4: The center stretch of the Forum around which the businesses and colonnaded walkway ruins can be seen. The column at the right is reconstructed.
Picture 5: Two Doric style Greek Temples at the ancient colony of Paestum, Italy- The Temple to the left is a Temple of Hera/Juno and the Temple to the Right is a Temple to Apollo.
Picture 6: A fresco painting of a horseman with a lance charging a lion- from the site of Paestum, Italy.
Picture 7: A fresco painting of an armored Roman horseman.
Picture 8: The countryside between the site of Paestum and the site of Velia- Southern Italy.
Picture 9: The countryside between the site of Paestum and the site of Velia- Southern Italy.
Picture 10: The countryside between the site of Paestum and the site of Velia- Southern Italy.
(After video at Velia- Also called Agropoli)
Picture 11: The lower city of Velia, a colony which had a school instituted by the philosophers Parmenides and Zeno of Elea- the school was later turned into a medical school. Also excavated at the site is a bathhouse, a cemetery/tomb area and an aqueduct line.
Picture 11: Van, making weird faces as usual, lying inside an aqueduct line at the colony of Velia.
Picture 12: Up in the hill, along a magnificently preserved Roman road leading from the colony site of Velia, the Rose Gate was an entrance road to Velia. The Rose Gate was named after the wife of the man who found the gate.
Picture 13: The Entrance of the Rose Gate to the site of Velia coming from the countryside.
Picture 14: From above: The site of Velia. The largest rectangle area was the school.
Picture 15: The Acropolis of Velia: The remains of Velia's Greek theater are built into the hillside. Above is the Norman-Anglican castle tower which was built over the remains of a Temple of Athena, and near the theater is a building that would have been part of the castle complex- possibly a watch tower.
Picture 16: From the Castle at Velia (Castellammare della Bruca/ Castello a Mare) - a view of the countryside and bay- Province of Salerno, Campania.
Picture 17: The remaining medieval castle (Castellammare della Bruca/ Castello a Mare) tower built over the Acropolis Temple of Athena.
Picture 18: An Etruscan Tomb- constructed in the manner of a home/hut- Etruscans ruled Italy before the Romans- especially the lasts North and West of Rome.
Picture 19: An outlook area above Avernas Lake - a crater created by a volcanic eruption.
Paestum (Italy) has three ancient Greek temples which are in a very good state of preservation
Paestum was a major ancient Greek city on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea in Magna Graecia. After its foundation by Greek colonists under the name of Poseidonia it was eventually conquered by the Lucanians and later the Romans. The Lucanians renamed it to Paistos and the Romans gave the city its current name.The ruins of Paestum are notable for their three ancient Greek temples which are in a very good state of preservation. Today the remains of the city are found in the modern frazione of the same name, which is part of the comune of Capaccio in the Province of Salerno, Campania, Italy. According to Strabo the city was founded as Poseidonia by Greek colonists from Sybaris, which was an Achaean colony itself. The colonists had built fortifications close to the sea, but then decided to found the city further inland at a higher elevation. The fortifications might have been built to the south of Poseidonia on the promontory where Agropoli is now. According to the historical tradition the sanctuary to Poseidon was located there, after which the city would have been named. The date of Poseidonia's founding is not given by ancient sources, but the archaeological evidence gives a date of approximately 600 BC. Alternatively, the Sybarites may in fact have been Troezenians. Aristotle wrote that a group of Troezenians was expelled from Sybaris by the Achaeans after their joint founding of that city. Gaius Julius Solinus calls Paestum a Dorian colony and Strabo mentions that Troezen was once called Poseidonia.As a consequence it has been argued that Paestum was founded by the Troezenians referred to by Aristotle. Another hypothesis is that the Sybarites were aided by Dorians in their founding of Poseidonia.
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Places to see in ( Paestum - Italy )
Places to see in ( Paestum - Italy )
Paestum is a truly enchanting and atmospheric place, and a 'must' on any classical tour of Italy. Just south of the Sorrento peninsula and Amalfi Coast, and a mile inland, this is a haunting archaeological site where three Greek temples stand in the middle of the countryside. Paestum is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The town of Poseidonia - later called Paestum - was built by Greek colonists from Sybaris, an earlier Greek city in southern Italy, in around 600BC. It grew and prospered and now has among the most extensive remains of Magna Graecia (Magna Grecia in Italian). In 410BC the town was conquered by the Lucanians, a native Italian people, then in 273BC the Romans took over, changed the name to Paestum and began their own building programme. As the Roman Empire collapsed, Paestum crumbled. Malaria and Saracen raids led to the near-abandonment of the town and the development of Capaccio, a safer hillside settlement.
Paestum itself was pretty much forgotten. An information board outside the old church gives a poignant image of the locale as an abandoned wilderness frequented by brigands. Things changed with the eighteenth-century rediscovery of the temples by road-builders coupled with a revival of interest in antiquities and the visits of Grand Tourists and indefatigable travellers like Shelley and Goethe. The classical name Paestum was revived (though Capaccio is still the local authority). Nowadays most of the vanished city of Poseidonia-Paestum is hidden under agricultural land. The ancient city walls, constructed with massive stone blocks, encircle a large area of countryside, much of it unexcavated. Right in the middle is the archaeological zone open to the public, and a few later buildings housing small tourist businesses.
The archaeological site at Paestum covers a large area and takes as much as two hours to explore thoroughly. A street runs along the railings outside the site and here, in the middle of surprisingly rural surroundings, you'll find a busy little row of souvenir shops and several bars with outside tables serving drinks, rolls, ice creams and snacks. For more filling evening meals, you can walk further along the road to find a pizzeria and - on Via Tavernelle - a couple of restaurants including the Granaio dei Casabella hotel/restaurant where we ate and slept.
You can buy separate tickets for the archaeological site and the museum but if you're visiting both it is cheaper to purchase a combined ticket (€6.50). There are various categories of discount, as at all Italian state-run monuments, including free entry for over-65s from the EU and other countries with reciprocal arrangements. The outdoors attraction is open daily; the museum is closed on the first and third Mondays of each month.
The archaeological area at Paestum covers the heart of the ancient city. The most dramatic sights, which led to the site's rediscovery, are the three Doric temples. Roofless, but still standing, these are among the greatest archaeological monuments in Italy. The smallest of the three, standing on a small rise, was dedicated to Athena, though it's also known as the Temple of Ceres. This temple later became a Christian church. The oldest of the buildings, the Temple of Hera, is at the further end of the site and not far away is the most imposing and well-preserved, the Temple of Neptune (or Poseidon). One of the finest surviving examples of a Greek temple, this is a huge and dramatic building, surrounded by steps and a colonnade of majestic dimensions. The ruin has no roof, but the pediments and ornamentation give a good idea of how the building would have looked.
Paestum is on a railway line connecting Salerno with Sapri to the south. If you are coming from the Amalfi Coast, take a boat or bus to Salerno before catching the train. From Naples and northern parts of Italy, change in Salerno. The journey from Salerno takes just over half an hour. There are signs announcing 'Paestum' along the platforms, but it's not a bad idea to check the order of stations and count the number of stops to make sure you know when you've arrived. There is no ticket office at Paestum station, so you should either buy your return train ticket in advance, or visit a useful shop by the archaeological site which sells rail tickets. Trains are not very frequent, so plan your journey in advance.
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Italy, Paestum ancient city
Photographer:Samuel Magal (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Much the most celebrated features of the site today are the three large temples in the Archaic version of the Greek Doric order, dating from about 550 to 450 BC. All are typical of the period, with massive colonnades having a very pronounced entasis, and very wide capitals resembling upturned mushrooms. Above the columns, only the second Temple of Hera retains most of its entablature, the other two having only the architrave in place.
Paestum, Salerno, Campania, Italy, Europe
Paestum was a major ancient Greek city on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea in Magna Graecia (southern Italy). The ruins of Paestum are famous for their three ancient Greek temples in the Doric order, dating from about 600 to 450 BC, which are in a very good state of preservation. The city walls and amphitheatre are largely intact, and the bottom of the walls of many other structures remain, as well as paved roads. The site is open to the public, and there is a modern national museum within it, which also contains the finds from the associated Greek site of Foce del Sele. After its foundation by Greek colonists under the name of Poseidonia (Ancient Greek) it was eventually conquered by the local Lucanians and later the Romans. The Lucanians renamed it to Paistos and the Romans gave the city its current name. As Pesto or Paestum, the town became a bishopric (now only titular), but it was abandoned in the Early Middle Ages, and left undisturbed and largely forgotten until the eighteenth century. Today the remains of the city are found in the modern frazione of Paestum, which is part of the comune of Capaccio in the Province of Salerno, Campania, Italy. The modern settlement, directly to the south of the archaeological site, is a popular seaside resort, with long sandy beaches. Much the most celebrated features of the site today are the three large temples in the Archaic version of the Greek Doric order, dating from about 550 to 450 BC. All are typical of the period, with massive colonnades having a very pronounced entasis (widening as they go down), and very wide capitals resembling upturned mushrooms. Above the columns, only the second Temple of Hera retains most of its entablature, the other two having only the architrave in place.
These were dedicated to Hera, Athena, and Poseidon (Juno, Minerva, and Neptune to the Romans), although previously they often have been identified otherwise, for example, as a basilica and a temple of Ceres (Greek Demeter), after eighteenth-century arguments. The two temples of Hera are right next to each other, while the Temple of Athena is on the other side of the town center. There were other temples, both Greek and Roman, which are far less well-preserved. Paestum is far from any sources of good marble. The three main temples had few stone reliefs, perhaps using painting instead. Painted terracotta was for some detailed parts of the structure. The large pieces of terracotta that have survived are in the museum. The whole ancient city of Paestum covers an area of approximately 120 hectares. Only the 25 hectares that contain the three main temples and the other main buildings have been excavated. The other 95 hectares remain on private land and have not been studied. The city is surrounded by defensive walls that still stand. The walls are approximately 4750 m long, 5 – 7 m thick and 15 m high. Positioned along the wall are 24 square and round towers. There may have been as many as 28, but some of them were destroyed during the construction of a highway during the 18th century that effectively cut the site in two.
The central area is completely clear of modern buildings and always has been largely so, since the Middle Ages. Although much stone has been stripped from the site, large numbers of buildings remain detectable by their footings or the lower parts of their walls, and the main roads remain paved. A low-built heroon or shrine memorial to an unknown local hero survived intact; the contents are in the museum. Numerous tombs have been excavated outside the walls.
Ancient Greek temples at Paestum, Italy
Ancient Greek Temples at Paestum: Hera I, c. 560-530 B.C.E., Archaic Period; Hera II, c. 460 B.C.E., Classical Period; Temple of Minerva, c. 500 B.C.E. Archaic Period. A conversation with Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker. Created by Beth Harris and Steven Zucker.
Temple of Hera, Paestum, Salerno, Campania, Italy, Europe
The temple of Hera is located in the archaeological site of Poseidonia, a city of Magna Grecia renamed by the Romans Paestum. It is located in the southern sanctuary of the city, where it rises, parallel and almost aligned on the eastern side, a short distance from the rear temple of Neptune. Although the upper parts of the entablature have been completely destroyed, as well as the wall structures of the naos (the cell) and very large portions of the pavement, the state of conservation is to be considered excellent. The Basilica of Paestum is in fact the only Greek temple of the Archaic period in which the peristasis, here composed of 50 columns, is fully preserved. The temple was built from the middle of the 6th century BC, but its construction had to end only in the last decade. As the votive materials with dedication to the goddess found in its surroundings suggest, the temple was probably dedicated to Hera, wife of Zeus and the main deity worshiped at Poseidonia, the importance of which is attested by the Heraion at the mouth of the Sele, the great extraurban sanctuary entirely dedicated to the goddess, whose construction was started simultaneously with the foundation of the city. The name Basilica, with which the temple is best known, was attributed to it in the second half of the XVIII century, when the neoclassical architectural culture began to take an interest in Paestum. The complete disappearance of the eardrums and most of the entablature, together with the anomalous odd number of columns on the forehead, made the functional identification, as a temple, of the building uncertain; this, interpreted as porch or as gymnasium or college, was called basilica, in the meaning, proper of the Roman term, of a portico structure used as seat of court and to the assemblies of the citizens. It is a peripteral ennastyle temple (with nine columns on the fronts) with eighteen columns on the long sides. The rectangle of the stylobate measures 24.50 x 54.24 m. The building is oriented towards the east like the nearby temple of Neptune, together with which it determines the grandiose monumental aspect of the southern sanctuary of Poseidonia. A large altar, brought to light during the excavations conducted by Vittorio Spinazzola at the beginning of the last century, faces the temple to the east, at 29.50 m away, in a position perfectly parallel to the temple front and symmetrical to the axis of the front building. The simple proportional ratio 1: 2 is therefore expressed not in the linear dimensions of the rectangle of the temple but in the number of columns (9 x 18). These are interspersed with interaxes of different sizes between the fronts (center distance of about 2.86 m) and the sides (distance of approx. 3.10 m). From the absence of contraction of the angular interaxes for the solution of the angular conflict it can be deduced that the angular metopes were elongated with respect to the normal ones. The Basilica has the peculiarity of having an odd number (9) of columns on the forehead, as a consequence of the arrangement, along the axis of the building, of a single central colonnade inside the cell. The presence of an internal colonnade in an axial position, certainly in support of the central ridge of the gabled roof, is a sure architectural indicator of the archaic nature of the temple. This planimetric solution was then rejected by the Greek architecture of the classical period (and by any classicist style, in the various following centuries), because it prevented access and axial view towards the naos, denying a direct relationship with the sanctity of the temple.
Best Attractions and Places to See in Capaccio Paestum, Italy
Capaccio-PaestumTravel Guide. MUST WATCH. Top things you have to do in Capaccio-Paestum. We have sorted Tourist Attractions in Capaccio-Paestumfor You. Discover Capaccio-Paestumas per the Traveler Resources given by our Travel Specialists. You will not miss any fun thing to do in Capaccio-Paestum.
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List of Best Things to do in Capaccio-Paestum, Italy
Pompeii - Archaeological Area
Le Vigne di Raito
Il Tempio di Nettuno o Poseidone o di Hera II
Sentiero degli dei (Path of the Gods)
Templi Greci di Paestum
Temple of Athena
Villa dei Misteri
Paestum And Naples, 1950's - Film 4948
Amateur home movie of Pisa, Paestum, Naples and the Amalfi coast.
Two shots of the leaning tower of Pisa. The baptistery in Piazza del Duomo. Two shaky pans of the city and the gulf of Naples from above. Abbey of Montecassino. Closer shot of the Abbey. Hazy landscape through an archway. Detail of the Abbey: bifora windows. Immense view from the Abbey, vast green valley and mountains in the background. Mediterranean-looking white house on the side of a mountain, with steep steps that go all the way to the top, where there are more houses. Two pans of Amalfi and the sea below. Another house built on the side of a mountain. View of the mountains of Amalfi. Houses in the centre of Amalfi. Parents and their two children hold hands. Two shots of lemons resting on a surface in the street, perhaps for sale. Four happy Italian children pose for the camera. They sit and play with rocks on the beach, push each other, then walk away. Group of children playing around a fountain. View of the tower of Saint Andrew's Cathedral, duomo of Amalfi, and of the church itself. Brief shot of il Chiostro del Paradiso (Cloister of Paradise). Typical ceramic plates and souvenirs from Amalfi. Long shot of the Amalfi coast from afar. Ruins of a Roman town, mountains in the background. Roman road by the Greek site of Paestum and view of the temples. Bright shot of a temple. Pan of the temples. Three shots of the Temple of Athena. Many shots of the Second Temple of Hera. Trees around Paestum. The Second Temple of Hera once again. Two shots of the ruins. A column. Temple of Athena. Front and side of the Temple of Athena. Long shot of the ruins of the Roman town by the temples.
The Temple Of Poseidon - Paestum, Italy 6/1/15
A long-side walk-along, taking a closer look at Paestum's incredible Temple Of Poseidon... Astoundingly well-preserved considering it was built in 460 BC.
ROME: EXPLORING the magnificent ROMAN TEMPLE of PANTHEON, ITALY ⛪????️
SUBSCRIBE: - Let's go for a tour of this most magnificent building (after the Colosseum) of ancient Rome and let's admire its spectacular architecture. It is nowadays used as a Catholic Church so we will see the Christian decorations as well. Vic Stefanu, email@example.com.
Rome is a city and special comune (named Roma Capitale) in Italy. Rome is the capital of Italy and of the Lazio region. Rome's history spans more than two and a half thousand years. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at only around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe.
Italy, a European country with a long Mediterranean coastline, has left a powerful mark on Western culture and cuisine. Its capital, Rome, is home to the Vatican as well as landmark art and ancient ruins. Other major cities include Florence, with Renaissance masterpieces such as Michelangelo’s David and Brunelleschi's Duomo; Venice, the city of canals; and Milan, Italy’s fashion capital.
LONDON: The STOLEN FRIEZES OF THE GREEK TEMPLE of ATHENA NIKE (at the BRITISH MUSEUM) ????️
SUBSCRIBE: - Let's go to the famous British Museum in London and let's view the friezes of the Temple of Athena Nike (Greek: Ναός Αθηνάς Νίκης) which was a temple on the Acropolis of Athens. It was named after the Greek goddess, Athena Nike. Built around 420BC, the temple is the earliest fully Ionic temple on the Acropolis. It was a prominent position on a steep bastion at the south west corner of the Acropolis to the right of the entrance, the Propylaea. In contrast to the Acropolis proper, a walled sanctuary entered through the Propylaea, the Victory Sanctuary was open, entered from the Propylaea's southwest wing and from a narrow stair on the north. The sheer walls of its bastion were protected on the north, west, and south by the Nike Parapet, named for its frieze of Nikai celebrating victory and sacrificing to their patroness, Athena Nike.
The British Museum, in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture. Its permanent collection of some eight million works is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence, having been widely sourced during the era of the British Empire.
Vic Stefanu, firstname.lastname@example.org