Sakarya Tourist Attractions: 15 Top Places to Visit
Planning to visit Sakarya? Check out our Sakarya Travel Guide video and see top most Tourist Attractions in Sakarya.
Top Places to visit in Sakarya:
Sapanca Lake, Maden Deresi, Poyrazlar Golu, Sakarya Il Ormani Tabiat Parki, Bes Kopru, Kent Park, Orhan Gazi Camii, Dogancay Selalesi, Karasu Coast, Keremali Golu, Sakarya Sehitligi, Seyir Terasi, Arka Plan Sanat Galerisi, Sakarya Park, Sakarya Museum
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رحنا تسوقنا في تركيا سامسون Samsun Truky
سوق السبت في مدينه سامسون التركيه حيث يفتح فقط يوم السبت لذلك سمي بهذا الاسم
حيث يمتاز هذا السوق برخص الاسعار وتواجد الفقراء بكثره
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سامسون تركيا العرب المسافرون
Bilecik Turkey Travel
If you are going on a trip freguently, loves to travel and can refer you probably already discovered resources. But if you don't have enoughe experience yet, and when it comes to trevel and I'm going to go around the world, if you say pretty much sure you need information. World tour is, you can visit travel cheap, how should I set my Barcelona Jorge Sanchez reads when I was a kid in the book Sinbad Adventures inspired by the world seven times from Sinbad the sailor man entangled in the Navigator. This journey started at a young age from a gold mine in Peru, in Italy in New York restaurants and markets in and out of numerous work. When under the bridge when a phone booth and even sleeping over at the morgue. Even in this journey of half a century in jail has fallen. But he does not regret that all these experiences. Football is a College, and I'm still learning, said Sanchez truly know the world music.
A Short Tour Of Turkey
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Historical Konuralp is 8 km north of Düzce; first settlements there go back to 3rd century BC. Until 74 BC it was one of the most important cities belonging to the Bythinia State, which included Bilecik, Bolu, Sakarya, Kocaeli. It was conquered by Pontus and then by the Roman Empire. During the Roman period the city was influenced by Latin culture, and it changed its name to Prusias ad Hypium. Later on Christianity affected the city and after the separation of the Roman Empire in 395, it was controlled by the Eastern Roman Empire (the later Byzantine Empire).
Konuralp Bey, one of Osman Gazi's commanders, was ordered to conquer Düzce and its surroundings to the Ottoman lands. In the 14th century he captured Duzbazaar (Düzce) and Roman Prusias after a battle against the Byzantines. The first Ottoman administrators in Düzce were Konuralp Bey, Sungur Bey, Semsi Bey and Gunduz Alp. During the late 16th century villagers choose this location as a marketplace; it was called Düzce Bazaar in the centre of the plain.
During the Ottoman Empire, Düzce provided Navy timber, and it became an important centre of transportation between Istanbul and the eastern cities such as Sivas and Erzurum. At the 18th and 19th centuries the tradesmen took the control of Düzce and commerce flourished.
At the period of Sultan Abdulaziz and Abdulmecit, immigrants from Caucasus, East Black Sea, East of Anatolia and the Balkans increased the population of Düzce. The government provided them free land. It had 137 villages and 66,618 homes with the population of 36088 at the times of Abdulmecit II.
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From Istanbul To Sapanca and Mashokia (Sakarya Province) Turkey Part-2
My Trip to Istanbul 2018
BURSA - Ottoman Period
The First Capital of Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman province of Hüdavendigar
When the Seljuks commenced their conquest of Anatolia from 1071 onwards, they began settling their new lands with Turkish tribes from further east. When the Seljuk Empire weakened and began to fall apart in the thirteenth century, numerous small Turkish principalities sprang up, one of which was the Ottoman Beylik in northwest Anatolia. The Ottomans expanded rapidly as they conquered additional lands from the Byzantines.
Founder of the Ottoman Beylik was Osman Bey, who was born in the town of Söğüt in Bithynia in 1258. In 1299 he conquered Bilecik, Yenikent, İnegöl and İznik, and this is the year regarded as the founding of the Ottoman Empire, which was to survive for over six hundred years. As Osman Gazi gained in strength, the Byzantine governor of Bursa Atranos sought assistance from the governors of Kestel and Kite. Their united army joined battle against the Ottomans at Koyunhisar in 1301. The Ottomans were victorious.
Osman Bey resolved to take Bursa, and began preparations to besiege the city in 1317. First he had to cut off its link to the sea, for which purpose he built a fort near Kaplıca and appointed his nephew Ak Timur its commander. His slave Balabancık was given command of a second fort in the mountains behind Bursa, so cutting off access to the city on either side. The Turks then demolished the fort of Atranos Beyce and made their encampment at Pınarbaşı. Leaving the command of the army to his son Orhan Bey, Osman Gazi returned to Yenikent.
The siege lasted eight years, and meanwhile Osman Gazi fell seriously ill and could no longer fight. He ordered his son Orhan Gazi to take Bursa, and Orhan began by taking Evrenos Fortress. The governor of the fortress fled into the mountains. Orhan Gazi sent Mihal Bey to the governor of Bursa demanding his surrender. The governor sent a gift of precious clothes and forty thousand gold sovereigns as a gesture of submission, and after consulting his father Orhan Gazi allowed the governor to leave the city with his family and entourage. They made their way to Gemlik on the coast and sailed for Istanbul. In 1326 the Turkish army entered Bursa.
This news reached Osman Gazi on his deathbed, and he died happy in the knowledge that his greatest goal had been achieved. The capture of Bursa marked a turning point for the Ottoman Empire. Orhan bin Osman, who had been born in 1281, the year that his grandfather Ertuğrul Gazi died, was now the second Ottoman sultan. Orhan Gazi's elder brother one day advised him to do three things. The first was to strike coins in his name, the second was to wear clothing which would distinguish him from his subjects, and the third was to form an army of infantry soldiers to be paid out of the treasury. Previously coins had been struck in the name of the Seljuk sultans, but in 1328, following his brother's advice, Orhan Gazi became the first Ottoman sultan to mint his own coins. He also introduced white uniforms for his soldiers, in place of their former red and black apparel.
In 1335 Bursa became the first Ottoman capital. Orhan Gazi ruled for nearly 35 years until his death in 1360. He was succeeded by his son Murad, who had been born in 1326. Sultan Murad Han bin Orhan bin Osman Gazi was the third Ottoman sultan, and became known by the cognomen Hüdavendigar.
In 1362 Murad captured the city of Edirne (Adrianople). One night Murad Hüdavendigar dreamed that a white bearded man with a radiant face told him to build a palace in Edirne. A great palace was immediately built and in 1363 the Ottoman capital moved from Bursa to Edirne, although Bursa retained its spiritual and economic importance.
In 1399 Bayezid Yıldırım (the Thunderbolt) founded a hospital in Bursa where the hot mineral springs of the city featured largely in the treatment of patients. When Timur's armies captured Bursa in 1402, they destroyed and burnt many of the medreses (colleges), mosques and other monuments of the city. In 1429 further disaster struck, this time in the form of plague which decimated the population. In 1482, when Cem Sultan was fighting for the throne against his brother Bayezid, he ruled in Bursa for just eighteen days, but in this brief time struck coins in his name. In the battle against the army of his brother Bayezid II, Cem's forces were defeated and he fled the city.
Turkey-Kastamonu City Tourism Promotional Video
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AnItkabir in Ankara, Turkey
Anıtkabir (literally, memorial tomb) is the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the leader of the Turkish War of Independence and the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. It is located in Ankara and was designed by architects Professor Emin Onat and Assistant Professor Ahmet Orhan Arda, whose proposal beat 48 other entries from several countries in a competition held by the Turkish Government in 1941 for a monumental tomb for Atatürk.
The site is also the final resting place of İsmet İnönü, the second President of Turkey, who was interred there after he died in 1973. His tomb faces the Atatürk Mausoleum, on the opposite side of the Ceremonial Ground.
The mausoleum was depicted on various Turkish banknotes during 1966–1987 and 1997–2009 and was included in the Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers list of the fifty civil engineering feats in Turkey, a list of remarkable engineering projects realized in the first 50 years of the chamber.
The great leader of Turkish Independence War and Turkish Revolution and the founder of Turkish Republic Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s life, with full of struggles for Turkish land's freedom and endeavours to raise the Turkish Nation to the level of contemporary civilization, lasted 57 years. It ended on 10 November 1938 and the great leader passed to eternity.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk is a great leader, achieving to make Turkey a member of contemporary civilization with all its institutions, has a special place in the history of humanities. The idea to build a mausoleum to reflect his greatness in every respect and to present his thoughts on principles, his reforms and modernization, was the common desire of the Turkish Nation in deepest grief of losing Atatürk.
Before building of Anitkabir, Anittepe’s (Monument Hill ) name was Rasattepe (Observation Hill) because there was an observatory on this hill.
There were also tumuluses (graves) belonging to Phrygian civilization of 3rd Century BC on this hill. Archeological excavations took place to remove these tombs after the decision was given to build Anitkabir on Rasattepe. Remains found on these excavations are on display in the museum of Anatolian Civilizations.
The first stage to start the construction was the expropriation of the land after deciding on the Anitkabir project. Actual construction of Anitkabir commenced on 9 October 1944 with a splendid ceremony by laying the first stone of the foundation. Construction of Anitkabir took nine years in four stages.
The Anitkabir project originally had a vaulted ceiling above the mausoleum carried by the perimeter columns. On 4 December 1951 the Government inquired the architects of the possibility of shortening the time of construction by lowering the 28 m. high ceiling of the Hall of Honours.
After studying the subject, architects concluded that it was possible to cover the ceiling with a reinforced concrete slab instead of a stone vault. This change had reduced the weight of the ceiling and, therefore, certain risks were eliminated further.
Easy to process porous travertine with various colours was used on external cladding of the concrete surfaces and marble was used for the inside surfaces of the mausoleum.
White travertine that was used for sculpture groups, for lions figures and the mausoleum colons, is brought in from Pinarbasi town of Kayseri and white travertine used inside the towers is brought in from Polatli and Malikoy. Red and black travertine used for paving the ceremonial ground and floors of towers were brought in from Kayseri, Bogazköprü region and yellow travertine brought in from Cankiri, Eskipazar was used for building the Victory relief, Hall of Honours external walls and perimeter colons of the ceremonial ground.
Red, black and cream colour marbles used on the floor of the Hall of Honours were brought from Hatay, Adana and Canakkale, and for the internal walls, tiger-hide patterned marble from Afyon and green marble brought from Bilecik. Monolithic tomb stone weighing 40 tons was brought from Osmaniye, Adana and the white marble covering sides of the sarcophagus were from Afyon.
IV. ANITKABIR'S ARCHITECTURAL PROPERTIES
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Anıtkabir Gizemi Bölümleri ve Özellikleriyle | Sonsuzluğun Yaşandığı Yer Anıtkabir
Anıtkabir'in bölümlerinin isimleri ve Anıtkabir'in bölümleri hakkında bilgi isteyenler için Anıtkabir ziyaretimiz ile birlikte kapsamlı bir bilgi edindik hem video çekimleri hemde görsellerle Anıtkabir tüm bilinmeyen özellikleriyle zengin bir anıtkabir hakkında bilgi.
A- BARIŞ PARKI
Anıtkabir; Atatürk'ün Yurtta Sulh, Cihanda Sulh özdeyişinden ilham alınarak, çeşitli yabancı ülkelerden ve Türkiye'nin bazı bölgelerinden getirilen fidanlarla oluşturulan Barış Parkı içinde yükselmektedir.
B- ANIT BLOKU
Anıtkabir Anıt Bloku üç bölümden oluşmaktadır.
1- Aslanlı Yol
2- Tören Meydanı
Aslanlı yolun sağ başındaki İstiklal Kulesi'nin iç duvarlarında bulunan kabartmada, ayakta duran ve iki eliyle kılıç tutan bir gencin yanında bir kaya üzerine konmuş kartal figürü görülmektedir.
Aslanlı Yol'un sol başında bulunan Hürriyet Kulesi içindeki kabartmada; elinde kağıt tutan melek figürü ile meleğin yanında şaha kalkmış bir at tasvir edilmiştir.
KADIN HEYKEL GRUBU
İstiklal kulesinin önünde, ulusal giysiler giymiş üç kadından oluşan bir heykel grubu vardır.
ERKEK HEYKEL GRUBU
Hürriyet Kulesi'nin önünde üç erkekten oluşan heykel grubu vardır.
Ziyaretçileri Atatürk'ün yüce huzuruna hazırlamak için yapılmış olan 262 m. uzunluğundaki yolun iki yanında oturmuş pozisyonda 24 aslan heykeli bulunmaktadır.
Aslanlı yolun sonunda yer alan tören meydanı 129 x84,25 m. boyutlarındadır. 15.000 kişi kapasiteli bu alanın zemini; siyah, kırmızı, sarı ve beyaz renkte traverten taşlardan oluşan 373 adet halı ve kilim deseniyle bezenmiştir.
Aslanlı yolun bitiminde sağda Mehmetçik Kulesi yer almaktadır. Kulenin dış yüzeyinde yer alan kabartmada; cepheye gitmekte olan Mehmetçiğin evinden ayrılışı ifade edilmektedir.
ATATÜRK VE TÜRK DEVRİMİ KÜTÜPHANESİ
Mehmetçik ve Zafer kuleleri arasında yer alan; müze, kitaplık ve Kültürel Faaliyetler Müdürlüğü'nün içindeki birimde Atatürk ve Türk Devrimi Kütüphanesi bulunmaktadır.
Kulenin duvarlarında Atatürk'ün en önemli üç zaferinin tarihi ve zaferle ilgili özlü sözleri yazılıdır.
İSMET İNÖNÜ'NÜN LAHTİ
Barış ve Zafer Kuleleri arasında yanları açık sütunların oluşturduğu galerinin ortasında 25 Aralık 1973 yılında vefat eden Atatürk'ün en yakın silah arkadaşı, İsmet İnönü
Kulenin iç duvarında Atatürk'ün Yurtta Barış, Dünyada Barış ilkesini dile getiren bir kabartma kompozisyonu yer almaktadır.
23 NİSAN KULESİ
Kulenin iç duvarında 23 Nisan 1920'de Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi'nin açılışını temsil eden bir kabartma yer almaktadır.
Anıtkabir'in Çankaya yönündeki 28 basamaklı tören meydanına giriş merdivenlerinin ortasında, tek parçalı yüksek bir direk üzerinde Türk bayrağı dalgalanır.
MİSAK-I MİLLİ KULESİ
Müzenin girişindeki bu kulenin içinde bulunan kabartma, tek vücut olarak kenetlenmemizi sembolize etmektedir.
ANITKABİR ATATÜRK MÜZESİ
Anıtkabir Proje Yarışması şartlarına uygun olarak, Misak-ı Milli ve İnkılâp kuleleri arasındaki bölüm müze olarak belirlenmiştir. Bu amaçla 21 Haziran 1960'ta Anıtkabir Atatürk Müzesi açılmıştır. Burada Atatürk'ün kullandığı eşyalar ve kendisine hediye edilen armağanlar ve giysileri teşhir edilmektedir.
Müzenin devamı olan bu kulede Atatürk'ün giydiği elbiseler sergilenmektedir.
Sanat Galerisi'nin girişi olan bu kulenin duvarlarında Atatürk'ün Cumhuriyet ile ilgili şu özlü sözü bulunmaktadır.
Cumhuriyet Kulesi ve Müdafaa-i Hukuk Kuleleri arasında yer alan bu bölümde Atatürk'ün özel kitaplığı teşhir edilmektedir.
MÜDAFAA-İ HUKUK KULESİ
Bu kule duvarının dış yüzeyinde yer alan kabartmada, Kurtuluş Savaşımızda ulusal birliğimizin temeli olan Müdafaa-i Hukuk dile getirilmektedir.
SAKARYA MEYDAN MUHAREBESİ KONULU KABARTMA
BAŞKOMUTAN MEYDAN MUHAREBESİ KONULU KABARTMA
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